Telematics is the branch of information technology that
deals with the long-distance transmission of computerized information.
The term was coined from "telos" meaning long distance and "informatics" - itself
a combination of information and automatic/automated.
Today’s Global Positioning System (GPS), utilizes one or
many satellite systems to track the precise location of personnel, vehicles,
watercrafts, assets, etc.
The Department of Transportation (DOT) is the name for a
government agency in North America devoted to transportation. The largest is the
United States Department of Transportation, which oversees interstate travel and is
a federal agency.
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA)
is an agency in the United States Department of Transportation that regulates the
trucking industry in the United States. The primary mission of the FMCSA is to
reduce crashes, injuries and fatalities involving large trucks and buses.
CSA stands for Compliance, Safety, Accountability. It is
the safety compliance and enforcement program of the Federal Motor Carrier Safety
Administration that holds motor carriers and drivers accountable for their role in
safety. It employs a Safety Measurement System (SMS) containing 7 categories to
determine driver risk and intervene as necessary.
Department of Transportation (DOT) compliance refers to
several areas of requirements including: Drug testing, Vehicle inspection,
Maintenance programs, Hours of service and several more. Violation of any one of
these can lead to serious consequences and are regularly monitored to ensure
A Driver Vehicle Inspection Report (DVIR) needs to be
completed daily by drivers for any commercial vehicle they operate, as specified by
Federal Law 49 CFR 396.11 and 396.13 and enforced by the DOT.
Hours of service (HOS) is a term referring to the number
of hours that a commercial motor vehicle driver is allowed work per day, or week, or
other period as mandated by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA).
An electronic logging device is a device, typically a
tablet, carried in the truck cab. It records data including the operation of the
vehicle, driver activity, hours of service (HOS), Record of Duty (ROD) for each
Automatic on-board recording devices (AOBRDs) were
introduced by FMCSA back in 2014 to reduce hours of service violations and attempts
to reduce crashes by fatigued drivers.
Record of Duty (ROD) is a log containing the drivers
name, date, and status throughout a 24-hour period.
the "ELD mandate"
The ELD mandate, or ELD Final Rule, is a U.S. federal
government regulation specifying that operators of commercial motor vehicles covered
by this law will be required to use electronic logging devices. This will eliminate
AOBRDS (Automatic on Board Recording Devices) and paper logs fully by 12/16/2019.
The International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA) is an
arrangement among U.S. states and Canada. It works as a "pay now or pay later"
system. As commercial motor vehicles buy fuel, any fuel taxes paid are credited to
that licensee's account. At the end of the fiscal quarter, the licensee completes
their fuel tax report listing all miles traveled in all participating jurisdictions
and lists all gallons purchased. Then the average MPG is applied to the miles
traveled to determine the tax liability to each jurisdiction.
Geofencing is utilized in GPS tracking applications. It
allows a predefined virtual perimeter to be set up like real-world geographic
fences. It has a wide range of uses and applications and can include: a house, job
site, office, service area, states. etc. It enables software to trigger a response
when the GPS tracker enters or leave the virtual fence.